say that Taekwon-do can be dated back a few thousands years and as such probably
can or it would be better to say it has its roots in ancient arts from
transcribed as Taekwondo or Tae Kwon Do is a Korean Martial Art
developed during the 1940's and 1950's by various Korean martial artists
and is a combination of karate, Taekkyeon, Gwonbeop and Subak.
is a traditional Korean martial art first explicitly recorded in the
Taekkyeon is characterized by fluid, dynamic footwork and utilizes a
wide variety of kicks, fist and elbow strikes, pressure point attacks,
throws, and grapples.
is the term for unarmed methods in Korean martial arts as developed in
the Joseaon era (15th to 19th centuries).
is either a specific or generic ancient Korean martial art. Historically
this term may have specified the old Korean martial art of taekkyeon,
but it is unsure.
oldest governing body for Taekwondo is the Korea Taekwondo Association
(KTA) which was formed in 1959 by a collaborate effort by
representatives from the nine original kwans, or martial arts schools,
in Korea. The main international organizational bodies for Taekwondo
today are the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), founded by
General Choi Hong Hi in 1966, and the World TaeKwonDo Federation,
founded in 1973 by the KTA. Gyeorugi, a type of sparring has been
an Olympic event since 1992. The body known for Taekwondo in the
Olympics is the World Taekwondo Federation.
1955, Choi Hong Hi advocated the use of the name Tae Kwon Do. The new
name was initially slow to catch on among the leaders of the kwans. In
1959 the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) was established to facilitate
the unification of Korean martial arts. In 1966 Choi established the
International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) as a separate governing body
devoted to institutionalising a unified style of taekwondo.
War politics of the 1960s and 1970s complicated the adoption of
ITF-style taekwondo as a unified style, however. The South Korean
government wished to avoid North Korean influence on the martial art.
Conversely, ITF president Choi Hong Hi sought support for the martial
art from all quarters, including North Korea. In response, in 1973 South
Korea withdrew its support for the ITF. The ITF continued to function as
independent federation, then headquartered in Toronto, Canada; Choi
continued to develop the ITF-style, notably with the 1987 publication of
his Encyclopaedia of Taekwondo. After Choi's death the ITF split in 2001
and then again in 2002 has well has the establishment of ITF HQ Korea to
create four separate federations each of which continues to operate
today under the same name.
1973 the South Korean government's Ministry of Culture, Sports and
Tourism established the Kukkiwon as the new national academy for
taekwondo. Kukkiwon now served many of the functions previously served
by the KTA, in terms of defining a government-sponsored unified style of
taekwondo. In 1973 the KTA established the World Taekwondo Federation
(WTF) to promote taekwondo specifically as a sport. WTF competitions
employ Kukkiwon-style taekwondo. For this reason, Kukkiwon-style
taekwondo is often referred to as WTF-style taekwondo, sport-style
taekwondo, or Olympic-style taekwondo, though in reality the style is
defined by the Kukkiwon, not the WTF.
can be loosely translated as hand and foot way but its meaning really goes
between the ITF and the WTF, along with cold war competition between
North and south Korea reflected in Taekwon-do, believed to be the worlds
most popular martial art by its number of practitioners and so its definition
became a little more complicated. With the Seoul backed WTF and
Pyongyang backed ITF.
the martials arts continual growth and the return of the ITF to South
Korean for the 2004 ITF World Championships, (Choi Jung Hwa, Group).
Along with both organisation competing side by side in the 2008 and 2010
World Taekwon-do Festivals
a long time the WTF was simply regard as South Korean Taekwondo and the
ITF as North Korean Taekwondo. The rift between the two sporting bodies
dates back to 1971, when the south Korean government, refused General
Choi Hong-Hi and founder of the ITF to teach Taekwon-do in North Korea.
As a result Choi went into exile in Canada and moved the ITF HQ out of
South Korea. Responding to Choi's decision the Seoul government
established the WTF in 1973 and both organisation have been going
sperate directions ever since.
days it would be fair to say that there is major difference between both
styles, but all would have to admit that both are descendent from the same
origins and that both represent taekwon-do.
ITF having supremacy in South America and Europe, claims the larger
audience among the two federations accounting for 37 million of the 60
million odd practitioners of taekwon-do worldwide. The WTF takes its
pride in that its game was adopted as a Olympic sport.
Times June 2010